In an attempt to explain the nature of the female bomber, two main sets of theories are used:
- cultural and
The first puts the emphasis on the impact of religion (usually identified with the Islam)[ix] and identity[x] while the second one views the terrorist suicide act as a rational choice[xi] made by perpetrators.
Photo: 2005 Tehran, Iran. On display at Shohada Museum Female suicide bomber. http://www.flickr.com/photos/schlegeluzbekistan/295427248/
[ix] Among these authors are: LEWIS, Bernard. 1987. The Shi’a in the Islamic History. In Shiism. Martin Kramer (ed.), Resistance, and Revolution. Boulder, CO, Westview Press, p. 25; PELLICANI, Luciano. 2004. Islamic Terrorism. Telos; Fall/Winter, Issue 129, рp. 41-53; Hobson, Theo. 2005. War and peace and Islam. July, 23, The Spectator.
[x] For more details see POST, Jerrold. 2005. The New Face of Terrorism: Socio-Cultural Foundations of Contemporary Terrorism. Behavioral Sciences and the Law 23; HAFEZ, Mohammed. 2006. Rationality, Culture and Structure in the Making of Suicide Bombers: A Preliminary Theoretical Synthesis and Illustrative Case Study. Studies in Conflit and Terrorism, 29; BROOKS, David. 2002. The Culture of Martyrdom. The Atlantic Monthly June 2002 http://www.theatlantic.com/doc/prem/200206/brooks;
[xi] For more details see AKERLOF, George and Rachel KRANTON. 2000. Economics and Identity. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 115 (3); BERMAN, Eli and David. LATINI. Rational Martirs vs Hard Targets: Evidence on the Tactical Use of Suicide Attacks. A text to be included in Eva Milgrom (ed) Suicide Bombers from Interdisciplinary Perspective, Princetonn University Press. http://economics.uchicago.edu/download/RatMartyrs6.pdf; CAPLAN, Brian. 2006. Terrorism: the Relevance of the Rational Choice Model. Public Choice, 128; CAPLAN, Brian. 2000. Rational Irationality: A Framework for the Neoclassical-behavioral Debate. Esatern Economic Journal, 26 (2); IANNACCONE, Laurence. 2004. The Market for Martyrs, a paper presented at the Meeting of the American Economic Association, San Diego, CA, http://www.religionomics.com/erel/S2-Archives/Iannaccone%20-%20Market%20for%20Martyrs.pdf