Radical Islam Often Mistakenly Labeled This essay aims at constructing and deconstructing three main prevalent Islamic discourses—Ialamism, Salafism, and Wahhabism--in this century, which comprise the core beliefs of Muslim communities throught the world. They are all mistakenly labeled as radical Islamic movements or fundamentalism. However, a deeper anaylsis of modern Islamic thought shows that there are great normative and political diversions among and within the three main Islamic beliefs: normally and mistakenly lumped together asIslamism (moderate and radical),Salafism (puritanical Salafist and neo-Salafist), andWahhabism (instructionist and Jihadist).By developing a typology of major ideologies of active Islamic trends that centers specifically on radical Islamism, we can compare Jihadist Wahhabism, and neo-Salafism, both of which have either terrorist or jihadist involvements worldwide. Understanding these trends and their discourses will allow world…
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Table of Contents
- Introduction: Islamism, Salafism, and Wahhabism
- Islamism - Hasan al-Bana
- Early Brotherhood Organization
- The Legal Basis for Islamic Law
- Muhammad S. al-Awwa
- Hasan al-Turabi
- Rahid al-Ghannushi
- Muhammad al-Hashim al-Hamidi
- Sayyid Qutb
- Umar Abd al Rahman and al-Jama‘a al-Islamiyya al-Jihadiyya
- Conclusions about Islamism
- Conclusion: Neo-Salafism/Neo-Wahhabism vs. Radical Islamism