Historical ContextThroughout recorded history of both ancient and current warring conflicts, the mention of third party combatants as force multipliers or surrogates has been commonplace. Foreign auxiliaries date back to Old Testament biblical notations of ancient battles citing presence of surrogates among armies and recruited spies acting on behalf of ever-shifting masters. Historical references continue to litter texts with tales of the employment of procured tribal scouts, foreign corps, bodyguards, recruited and slave warriors from abroad, agents of influence, and mercenaries ranging from Pharaoh Ramses’ use of third party combatants to the 20th Century’s use of naïve adventure seeking mercenaries in Africa’s rebel brush wars. Photo: 2011 Karachi, Pakistan. Attack on Police Station. "It is not difficult to identify the perpetrators of the proxy war, particularly in the provinces of Khyber Pakhtunkhawa, Balochistan and Sindh. The spy network in…
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Table of Contents
- Invisible Hand Proxy Use
- Hired Private Guns: When Money is Motive
- Supporting a Cause as a Witting or Unwitting Proxy Third Party
- Case Study: Iran as a Proxy Third Party Combatant Driver
- Iran and Venezuela as Unified Proxy Puppeteers
- Hezbollah: Venezuelan Socio-Economic Ecosystem as a Proxy Haven
- Proxies Could Carry the Banner for Hezbollah
- Possibility of Three Proxy “Flavors” of Hezbollah in Venezuela
- Iranian Quds Force to Train Venezuelans?
- Iranian Companies as Potential Proxies to Support Third Party Combatants
- Concluding Remarks