Third Party Combatants as a Tool of Terrorism

Historical ContextThroughout recorded history of both ancient and current warring conflicts, the mention of third party combatants as force multipliers or surrogates has been commonplace.  Foreign auxiliaries date back to Old Testament biblical notations of ancient battles citing presence of surrogates among armies and recruited spies acting on behalf of ever-shifting masters.  Historical references continue to litter texts with tales of the employment of procured tribal scouts, foreign corps, bodyguards, recruited and slave warriors from abroad, agents of influence, and mercenaries ranging from Pharaoh Ramses’ use of third party combatants to the 20th Century’s use of naïve adventure seeking mercenaries in Africa’s rebel brush wars.  Photo: 2011 Karachi, Pakistan.  Attack on Police Station.  "It is not difficult to identify the perpetrators of the proxy war, particularly in the provinces of Khyber Pakhtunkhawa, Balochistan and Sindh. The spy network in…

You are currently only seeing 1% of the 10,000-plus pieces of expert insights and analyses available with a TRAC subscription.
Single user
For private researchers. Full access to all of TRAC’s features, restricted to an individual user.
See Pricing
1-49 users
A group subscription that offers users full access to all of TRAC's features.
See Pricing
50+ users
Unlimited access to all of TRAC's features. Hundreds of users are able to research and compile reports simultaneously.
See Pricing
Not quite ready?
TRAC is a subscription-based service. You can try TRAC for 7 days with this trial. If you choose to subscribe at the end of the trial, the trial cost will be deducted from the price of your subscription.

About TRAC’s Core Articles

Commissioned, proprietary analysis of key components of terrorist activities and groups, such as “Recruiting Female Suicide Bombers”, written by experts worldwide.

Table of Contents

About the Contributor

Scott Swanson

Scott Swanson is an intelligence and special operations planning advisor to the military and intelligence community. He is also an instructor, guest lecturer, and adjunct professor for...