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Beacham Publishing's TRAC (Terrorism Research & Analysis Consortium); Islamic State (IS) / Islamic State of Iraq and ash Sham (ISIS) / Islamic State of Iraq (ISIS or ISIL, IS); http://www.trackingterrorism.org/group/islamic-state-islamic-state-iraq-and-ash-sham-isis-islamic-state-iraq-isis-or-isil; accessed Thursday, October 21st, 2021.