Ahrar al-Sham emerged in early 2012, and quickly became one of the leading Salafi groups in Syria. Al-Sham’s fighters engaged in classical guerrilla warfare. Its member brigades have been involved in armed raids, ambushes, sniper attacks, and mortar and rocket shelling of government bases, all across rural Syria. They have not, however, engaged in the type of sophisticated, high-profile urban suicide bombings that have become a trademark of Jabhat al-Nusra. Harakat al-Fajr al-Islamiya and Jamaat al-Taliaa al-islamiya merged into Ahrar al Sham in 2013, then into the Harakat Ahrar al-Sham al-Islamiyya. In January 2013, a month after it formed the SIF, the group claimed to operate 83 units across Syria, including in the cities of Damascus and Aleppo. It merged with three other SIF groups to form Harakat Ahrar al-Sham al-Islamiyya in February 2013.Ahrar al-Sham has cooperated with Jabhat al-Nusra both militarily and in governing territories. The groups jointly…
Ahrar al Sham / Harakat Ahrar al-Sham al-Islamiyya
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