Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo-Zaire (ADFL)

ADFL founder Laurent Kabila had a long history in Zaire before winning the Second Congo War and establishing himself as president of the DRC (Democratic Republic of Congo). In 1967, Kabila and his supporters moved their operation into the mountainous area of South Kivu in the Congo, and founded the People's Revolutionary Party (PRP). With the support of the People's Republic of China, the PRP created a secessionist Marxist state that featured collective agriculture, extortion and mineral smuggling. The local military commanders knew of the PRP enclave and reportedly traded military supplies in exchange for a cut of the extortion and robbery profits. In 1975 Kabila and the PRP kidnapped American and Dutch researchers from the Gombe Stream Research Center in Tanzania. The PRP released the hostages after 67 days in return for an unspecified ransom. By the late 1970s and early 1980s, Kabila had amassed considerable wealth. Although he…

Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo-Zaire (ADFL), also known as Alliance des Forces Démocratiques pour la Libération du Congo-Zaïre is an active group formed c. 1998.
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