Alliance of Patriots for a Free and Sovereign Congo (APCLS)

APCLS, a well-established militia on the axis Nyabiondo-Lukweti under leadership of Gen. Janvier Karairi who claims to defend the local Hunde population. Some APCLS militants had been coopted by FARDC for the joint defence against advancing M23 in late 2012. According to Global Security "APCLS's expressed objective is to protect Hunde and other Congolese citizens, i.e., non-Tutsis, in its area of operations. It was formed in 2006 as part of PARECO, but split from the group in January 2008 when it refused to sign the Goma Accords -- the only major armed group that refused to do so. It claims about 1,500 fighters, organized into four brigades. . . APCLS receives revenue from the small gold and cassiterite mines in its operating areas. However, some sources estimate that the primary source of funding for the APCLS is support -- money and weapons -- from wealthy Hunde politicians, landowners, and businessman." The APCLS coordinates its activities with the FDLR, which may…

Alliance of Patriots for a Free and Sovereign Congo (APCLS), also known as Alliance des patriotes pour un Congo libre et souverain is an active group formed c. 2006.
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