Armed Islamic Group (GIA)

The Armed Islamic Group or GIA is based in Algeria and was founded in the early 1990s by veterans of the war in Afghanistan following the Algerian Government’s ban on the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) in December 1991. In 1993, GIA began a high-profile campaign of terrorist acts and quickly became one of Algeria’s most radical and violent extremist groups. It distinguished itself from other groups operating in Algeria by its indiscriminate targeting of intellectuals and other civilians. GIA has been involved in a number of terrorist acts, including hijacking, bombing civilian sites, attacking civilians and ambushing Algerian security forces. Between 1992 and 2002, GIA reportedly killed more than 100 foreigners, mostly Europeans, in Algeria. Wikipedia and the Council on Foreign Relations cite al-Jama'ah al-Islamiyah al-Musallaha as an alias for GIA, but they appear to be different groups. GIA is both an ally and rival faction of AQIM, as well as sharing members.By…

Armed Islamic Group (GIA), also known as Groupe Islamique Armé (GIA), Al-Jama'ah al-Islamiyah al-Musallah, Groupe Islamique Armee', Al-Jama'ah al-Islamiyah al-Musallah, Green Khmer, Groupe Islamique Arme, Groupement Islamique Arme, Jama'a Islamiya Moussalaha is an inactive group formed c. 1989.
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Groups and individuals included in TRAC's database range from actual perpetrators of social or political violence to more passive groups that support or condone (perhaps unwittingly) such violence. The spectrum of violence represented by these groups is vast, from Jihadists who bomb train stations to financial institutions that transfer funds. Some groups that originally engaged in violence but have since become legitimate political parties are included to provide historical perspective. TRAC is in no way attempting to determine whether groups or individuals are terrorists -- only to convey reported information about their activities and official State status. While TRAC attempts to ensure the accuracy of its TRAC database, the entries in the database are from numerous different sources. Hence, TRAC cannot and does not warrant the accuracy of the entries in its database. The editors of TRAC may modify these entries at any time and welcome comments and suggested corrections or additions.  Please write [email protected] or hit the "SUBMIT ADDITIONS" button on the page of the group profile about which you wish to comment.

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