Provoked by what they considered a sell-out by mainstream environmental advocates, EarthFirst! activists envisioned a revolutionary movement to set aside multi-million acre ecological preserves. They used disruptive direct action as a stalling tactic in an attempt to prevent possible environmental destruction while Earth First! lawsuits attempted to secure long-term victories. Tactics included road blockades, activists locking themselves to heavy equipment, tree-sitting, and sabotage of machinery. More militant members of Earth First! split into another, more violent Earth Liberation Front.Third Edition Direct Action ManualIn 2017, Earth First! released the third edition of their "Direct Action Manual" described as “The DAM is almost 300 pages of diagrams, descriptions of techniques and a comprehensive overview of the role direct action plays in resistance—from planning an action, doing a soft blockade, putting up a treesit or executing a lockdown; to…
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