The Eritrean Islamic Jihad Movement (EIJM) was formally established in 1980. During March 2006, the EIJM re-emerged as the Harakat al-Islah al-Islamiyya al-Iritri. Since the Eritrean independence during 1994, the EIJM has presented itself as the only Muslim opposition group in Eritrea, seeking the violent overthrow of the ELF government led by President Isaias Afewerki. EIJM claims to only target the Eritrean government and its security personnel and not Western targets, as to achieve its ultimate objective of the establishment of an Islamic caliphate in Eritrea. In 1993, after Eritrea gained independence, the group changed into an Islamic opposition group. However, no renunciation of violence has occurred.The Eritrean government maintains that paid mercenaries including Afghans, Moroccans, Algerians, Eritreans, and Sudanese have been responsible for terrorist activities such as planting of land mines in Eritrean territory, especially in farming and pastoral areas; attacks on civilian…
Eritrean Islamic Jihad Movement (EIJM)
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Groups and individuals included in TRAC's database range from actual perpetrators of social or political violence to more passive groups that support or condone (perhaps unwittingly) such violence. The spectrum of violence represented by these groups is vast, from Jihadists who bomb train stations to financial institutions that transfer funds. Some groups that originally engaged in violence but have since become legitimate political parties are included to provide historical perspective. TRAC is in no way attempting to determine whether groups or individuals are terrorists -- only to convey reported information about their activities and official State status. While TRAC attempts to ensure the accuracy of its TRAC database, the entries in the database are from numerous different sources. Hence, TRAC cannot and does not warrant the accuracy of the entries in its database. The editors of TRAC may modify these entries at any time and welcome comments and suggested corrections or additions. Please write [email protected] or hit the "SUBMIT ADDITIONS" button on the page of the group profile about which you wish to comment.