HAMAS formed in late 1987 at the beginning of the first Palestinian Intifada (uprising). Its roots are in the Palestinian branch of the Muslim Brotherhood, and it is supported by a robust social/political structure inside the Palestinian territories. The group’s charter calls for establishing an Islamic Palestinian state in place of Israel and rejects all agreements made between the PLO and Israel. It's violent tactics have included bombing, rocket attacks, armed assault, and suicide bombing.VideoVideo: 2005 DocumentaryVideo: 2013 The Hamas government in Gaza is giving boys in state schools military-style training once a week.

Hamas, also known as Harakat al-Muqawammah al-Islammiyya, Islamic Resistance Movement, Brotherhood in Gaza, Izz al Din al Qassem Brigades, Harakat al-Muqawama al-Islamiya, Islamic Resistance Movement, Izz al-Din al Qassam Battalions, Izz al-Din al Qassam Brigades, Izz al-Din al Qassam Forces, Izz al-Din al-Qassim Battalions, Izz al-Din al-Qassim Brigades, Izz al-Din al-Qassim Forces, Students of Ayyash, Students of the Engineer, Yahya Ayyash Units is an active group formed c. 1987.
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Groups and individuals included in TRAC's database range from actual perpetrators of social or political violence to more passive groups that support or condone (perhaps unwittingly) such violence. The spectrum of violence represented by these groups is vast, from Jihadists who bomb train stations to financial institutions that transfer funds. Some groups that originally engaged in violence but have since become legitimate political parties are included to provide historical perspective. TRAC is in no way attempting to determine whether groups or individuals are terrorists -- only to convey reported information about their activities and official State status. While TRAC attempts to ensure the accuracy of its TRAC database, the entries in the database are from numerous different sources. Hence, TRAC cannot and does not warrant the accuracy of the entries in its database. The editors of TRAC may modify these entries at any time and welcome comments and suggested corrections or additions.  Please write [email protected] or hit the "SUBMIT ADDITIONS" button on the page of the group profile about which you wish to comment.

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