Hizb-e Wahdat, the Islamic Unity Party of Afghanistan, has been an important political and military player in Afghanistan since its founding in 1989. Like most contemporary major political parties in Afghanistan, Hizb-e Wahdat is rooted in the turbulent period of the anti-Soviet resistance movements in Afghanistan in the 1980s. It was formed to bring together nine separate and mostly inimical military and ideological groups into a single entity. VideoVideo:The Northern Alliance includes Tajiks, Hazara, Uzbeks, and Turkmen. Some of these ethnic groups are Shia or Ismaili. Among the groups that make up the Northern Alliance are: Jamiat-I Islami-yi Afghanistan (The Islamic Party of Afghanistan), headed by Rabbani and made up of predominantly Farsi-speaking Sunni Muslims. Hizb-I Wahdat-I Islami-yi Afghanistan (Islamic Unity Party of Afghanistan) is the primary Shia party made up of ethnic Hazaras and supported militarily and politically by Iran. Junbish-I Milli-yi…
Hizb-e Wahdat Islami Mardum-e Afghanistan
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