Independent Federation of Agricultural Workers and Peasants (CIOAC)

In the 1970s, the Independent Federation of Agricultural Workers and Peasants (CIOAC) organized agricultural workers into unions on coffee and cattle ranches to demand an awareness of indigenous identity and politics, including recognition for indigenous languages, government, and religion. Founded in the late 1960s with the support of Mexico’s now defunct Communist Party, the CIOAC split into two branches in 2000 and now has close ties to the nation’s three main political parties. The conflict between the CIOAC and the Zapatistas reportedly began in 2011 when the former group began receiving aid from the federal government.

Independent Federation of Agricultural Workers and Peasants (CIOAC) is an active group formed c. 1965.
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