Islamic Jihad Organization (Lebanon) / Islamic Jihad (IJO)

"Islamic jihad" is a generic term for Islamist terrorists worldwide and not to be confused with specific groups that include "Islamist Jihad" as part of their name. The Islamic Jihad Organization – IJO was a fundamentalist Shia group known for its activities in the 1980s during the Lebanese Civil War. They demanded the departure of all Americans from Lebanon and took responsibility for a number of kidnappings and bombings that killed several hundred people. Their deadliest attacks were in 1983, when they carried out bombing of the barracks of French and U.S. MNF peacekeeping troops, and of the United States embassy in Beirut. It is probable this group has morphed into the External Security Organization of Hezbollah (ESO)--see separate profile. Islamic Jihad groups have been formed in Palestine and Egypt, and although they share similar ideologies, they appear to be separate organizations under the umbrella of Hezbollah.

Islamic Jihad Organization (Lebanon) / Islamic Jihad (IJO), also known as Al-Harakat al-Jihad al-Islami, Organisation du Jihad Islamique is a group formed c. 1983. It is not known if it's still active.
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Groups and individuals included in TRAC's database range from actual perpetrators of social or political violence to more passive groups that support or condone (perhaps unwittingly) such violence. The spectrum of violence represented by these groups is vast, from Jihadists who bomb train stations to financial institutions that transfer funds. Some groups that originally engaged in violence but have since become legitimate political parties are included to provide historical perspective. TRAC is in no way attempting to determine whether groups or individuals are terrorists -- only to convey reported information about their activities and official State status. While TRAC attempts to ensure the accuracy of its TRAC database, the entries in the database are from numerous different sources. Hence, TRAC cannot and does not warrant the accuracy of the entries in its database. The editors of TRAC may modify these entries at any time and welcome comments and suggested corrections or additions.  Please write [email protected] or hit the "SUBMIT ADDITIONS" button on the page of the group profile about which you wish to comment.

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