Jaysh al-Islam, a member of the Islamic Front, is composed of approximately forty-five factions of the Free Syrian Army (FSA). The organization was formed on September 29, 2013. At its conception, its members ranged from "moderate" rebels to hardline Salafist militants and over thirty of its brigades had already been operating under the auspices of Liwa al-Islam, a group with branding from the FSA. Zahran Alloush, the son of a Saudi member of the 'ulama, commanded the group and is the current commander of Jaysh al-Islam. Liwa al-Islam was originally launched following Alloush's release from Syria's Sidnaya prison in 2011, where he was serving a sentence for being a Salafi activist. Nevertheless, Liwa al-Islam dwarfs other Salafist Islamist groups in the area, most notably Ahrar al-Sham and Jabhat al-Nusra, and still plays an important role within the larger Jaysh al-Islam group. The formal creation of Jaysh al-Islam undercut the presence of the FSA, which had previously been…
Jaysh al-Islam (formerly Liwa al-Islam)
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