The Kunama ethnic group lives mainly in the border areas between Eritrea and Ethiopia. The Kunama are a Nilo-Saharan ethnic community living between the Gash and Setit rivers in Southwestern Eritrea. Said to number about 70,000, they are remnants of the ancient inhabitants of the region. About 4,000 Kunama fled Eritrea in 2000 as the war with Ethiopia was drawing to a close. The Kunama are living in the refugee camp of Wa'ala Nihibi, near the town of Shiraro, in one of the most contested areas in the conflict between Eritrea and Ethiopia. The source of conflict is over the grazing rights to lands along the borders of Eritrea and Ethiopia and the sides the Kunama tribes took during the Eritrea-Ethiopia war in the late 1990s.
Kunama Democratic Liberation Movement (EKDLM)
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