In the 1950s various Mexican central government initiatives were launched with the aim of modernizing the Mayan communities and reducing poverty by integrating Mayan families into Mexico through new economic opportunities. The government encouraged and steered many landless farmers, mainly Mayan Indians, into settling in the uncultivated Lacandon Jungle, which resulted in the degradation of the rain forest. In 1971 the government attempted to halt the migration by appointing a small group of 66 Lacandon Indian families as tenants thus creating the Lacandon Community, which displaced 2000 Tzeltal and Chol families from 26 communities, and leaving non-Lacandon communities dependent on the government for asserting their rights to land. This lead to a rebellion against the marginalization of the indigenous population in the Chiapas lacandon jungle.
Lacandon Movement of Chiapas
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