M19 was founded on 19 April 1970, mostly by students. It became the second largest guerrilla group in Colombia after the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC). In the late 1970s, the M-19 began to kidnap drug traffickers, or their children, for ransom. In retaliation, a group of traffickers, including Pablo Escobar, created the death squad, Death to Kidnappers (Muerte a Secuestradores, MAS). The police cooperated with the traffickers by capturing suspected M-19 guerrillas, their associates, and innocent victims, who were then turned over to MAS to be tortured and killed. M-19 essentially ceased to exist in 1990. M-19, under intense pressure from the Colombian government's security forces, as well as right-leaning paramilitary groups, agreed to a ceasefire.VideoVideo: 2010 Antonio Navarro Wolff is the only commander of the Movimiento 19 de Abril (M-19) who survived the war years and today governs a major Colombian province is interview.ed The M-19 was…
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