The Mahdi Army was formed by Moqtada al-Sadr and Imad Mugniyah following the end of Saddam Hussein's regime. Individuals who identified themselves with the Mahdi Army but who rogue operatives, carried out attacks against civilians and embezzled funds. The feared Shiite militia, which was founded in 2003, was disbanded in 2008 after crushing defeats by the Iraqi army, but by 2011 the prospect of its return seemed possible. In June 2014 Muqtada al-Sadr formed the Saraya al-Salam militia (see separate profile) to replace the Mahdi Army.VideoVideo: 2012 Propaganda video
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