By 1970 left-wing followers of General Juan Peron had coalesced around an urban guerrilla group called the Movimiento Peronista Montonero. The Montoneros-about 25,000 strong- hoped that Peron’s return from exile in Spain would transform Argentina into a true “Socialist Fatherland”. With Peron’s blessings, the Montoneros initiated an intense campaign to destabilize the pro-American (and anti-Peronist) regime then in power. They kidnapped and executed former Argentinean president Pedro Aramburu, foreshadowing the Italian Red Brigades’ assassination of Aldo Moro in 1978. They also seized and held for ransom executives from multinational corporations. Emulating Evita’s passion for charitable work, the Montoneros used ransom money to feed and clothe the poor.
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