Mozambique National Resistance Movement (RENAMO)

Renamo was founded in 1976, one year after Mozambique gained independence, and is led by Afonso Dhlakama. The organisation followed an anti-communist ideology and thus opposed the ruling Marxist-leaning party: Frelimo.  Renamo gained sympathisers from neighbouring white minority regimes such as the Apartheid government of South Africa and colonial Rhodesia. Its aim was to destabilise Frelimo and gain greater representation in government by means of guerrillas engaging in deadly sabotage operations. The deteriorating relationship between Renamo and Frelimo escalated into a 15 year civil war (1977-1992). In spite of the civil war, or perhaps because of it, Renamo has failed to seize power within Mozambique.  The civil war came to an end with a General Peace Agreement (GPA) between the government of Mozambique and Renamo and was followed by multi-party elections in 1994. Renamo lost to Frelimo, but gained legislative seats and became the official opposition party in Mozambique.

Mozambique National Resistance Movement (RENAMO), also known as Resistência Nacional Moçambicana is an inactive group formed c. 1976.
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