Mujahedin-e Khalq Organization (MEK) (MKO) (PMOI)

Founded in 1965 by a group of leftist Muslim Iranian university students as an Islamic and Marxist political mass movement, the MEK was originally devoted to armed struggle against the shah, capitalism, and Western nimperialism. After the 1979 Iranian Revolution, the MEK chose to side with the clerics led by Ayatollah Khomeini against the liberals, nationalists and other moderate forces within the revolution, but by mid-1981, MEK was fighting street battles against th Islamic Revolutionary Guards. The group claims to have renounced violence in 2001 and today it is the main component organization of the National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI), an "umbrella coalition" calling itself the "parliament-in-exile dedicated to a democratic, secular and coalition government in Iran." The front organization to garner financial support is the Muslim Iranian Students Society. In 2013 the U.S. removed MEK for its list of terrorist…

Mujahedin-e Khalq Organization (MEK) (MKO) (PMOI), also known as sāzmān-e mojāhedin-e khalq-e irān, Mojahedin-e-Khalq Organization (MEK) or (MKO), National Liberation Army of Iran, National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI), Monafiqeen (derogatory), People's Mujahedin of Iran is an active group formed c. 1965.
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Groups and individuals included in TRAC's database range from actual perpetrators of social or political violence to more passive groups that support or condone (perhaps unwittingly) such violence. The spectrum of violence represented by these groups is vast, from Jihadists who bomb train stations to financial institutions that transfer funds. Some groups that originally engaged in violence but have since become legitimate political parties are included to provide historical perspective. TRAC is in no way attempting to determine whether groups or individuals are terrorists -- only to convey reported information about their activities and official State status. While TRAC attempts to ensure the accuracy of its TRAC database, the entries in the database are from numerous different sources. Hence, TRAC cannot and does not warrant the accuracy of the entries in its database. The editors of TRAC may modify these entries at any time and welcome comments and suggested corrections or additions.  Please write [email protected] or hit the "SUBMIT ADDITIONS" button on the page of the group profile about which you wish to comment.

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