The Black Muslim Movement was founded in 1930 and led by Elijah Muhammad from 1934 until his death in 1975. The Movement expanded in the 1950s as the Civil Rights Movement began to take root, and when the charismatic Malcolm X became one of its spokesmen. With the suspension of Malcolm X from the Movement and his assassination in 1965, the Black Panthers filled the vacuum for militant leadership. Elijah Muhammad was succeeded in 1975 by his son, Wallace D. Muhammad, who advocated a more moderate form of Islam and racial integration. This led to disagreements within the Movement and in 1976 it split into the American Muslim Mission and the radical Nation of Islam, led by Louis Farrakhan.VideoVideo: 2013 Sermon given by Louis Farrakhan. Part 24 of the series, "The Time and What Must Be Done"Video: 2008 DocumentaryVideo: 2008 Louis Theroux takes an uncomfortable wander around the shops with a member of the Nation of Islam to discuss race issues.
Nation of Islam / Black Muslim Movement
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