Comprised of civilian fightersThe Ninjas Maliata (Ninjas) is a civilian group of fighters that emerged in the Republic of Congo in the 1990s. The Ninjas voluntarily retreated in 2007 but, came out of retirement in 2016 and resumed their insurgency campaign; the Ninjas are motivated by no known ideology. The Ninjas were born as a loyal following to Bernard Bakana Kolélas. Kolélas used the group as a personal army to fight and settle is political grievances in the Republic of Congo. Frederic Bintsamou commands the group after Kolélas was forced into exile in May 2000. The Ninjas have had four stages of operation in the past and are currently in their fifth stage of operation. The Government of the Republic of Congo reached a ceasefire agreement with the Ninjas in December 2017.IdeologyThe Ninjas are not driven by a specific ideology. Instead, they were the personal army of Bernard Bakana Kolélas. Kolélas was a key political figure of the Republic of Congo who opposed the…
Ninjas Malitia (Ninjas) - Congo Brazzaville
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