The Palestinian Islamic Jihad was created after some members of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood believed that the organization did not commit enough effort to prevent Israel from occupying Palestinian territories. In 1979, after being inspired by the 1979 Iranian Revolution, Fathi Shaqaq and Abd al-Aziz Awada founded the group to fight for the sovereignty of Palestine and freedom from Israel. Shaqaqi and Awda conducted operations out of Egypt until 1981 when the group was exiled after the assassination of President Anwar Sadat. The group then moved to Syria and Lebanon during the mid 1980's, and reportedly relocated to Iran in 2010. The group continues to have branches in Somalia, Iran and Lebanon. The organization is responsible for a number of attacks including more than 30 suicide bombings; on 22 December 2001, PIJ vowed to continue its terror campaign despite Hamas' decision to halt suicide bombings inside Israel in response to a crackdown by Yassir…
Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ)
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Groups and individuals included in TRAC's database range from actual perpetrators of social or political violence to more passive groups that support or condone (perhaps unwittingly) such violence. The spectrum of violence represented by these groups is vast, from Jihadists who bomb train stations to financial institutions that transfer funds. Some groups that originally engaged in violence but have since become legitimate political parties are included to provide historical perspective. TRAC is in no way attempting to determine whether groups or individuals are terrorists -- only to convey reported information about their activities and official State status. While TRAC attempts to ensure the accuracy of its TRAC database, the entries in the database are from numerous different sources. Hence, TRAC cannot and does not warrant the accuracy of the entries in its database. The editors of TRAC may modify these entries at any time and welcome comments and suggested corrections or additions. Please write [email protected] or hit the "SUBMIT ADDITIONS" button on the page of the group profile about which you wish to comment.