Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK)

The Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) is a splinter group of the Kurdistan Democratic Party. The PUK is a coalition of five separate factions and seeks to establish an independent Kurdish state. After the expulsion of Iraqi troops from Kuwait in March 1991, the PUK played a leading role in the unsuccessful uprising launched by the Kurdish factions in the north and the underground Shia groups in southern Iraq. The division of Kurdistan into PUK and Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) zones followed a bitter civil war, in which the KDP was supported for a time by the Iraqi central government. Since 1996, a PUK-led government has claimed jurisdiction over the whole of Iraqi Kurdistan. Although implicated in numerous kidnappings of foreign workers and diplomats in Iraq, the PUK has not been designated a terrorist organization by the U.S.VideoVideo: 2009 propaganda video titled "The Heroes of Patriotic Union of Kurdistan PUK "Yakêtî Nîshtimanî Kurdistan"

Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK), also known as Yeketî Niştîmanî Kurdistan is an active group formed c. 1975.
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Groups and individuals included in TRAC's database range from actual perpetrators of social or political violence to more passive groups that support or condone (perhaps unwittingly) such violence. The spectrum of violence represented by these groups is vast, from Jihadists who bomb train stations to financial institutions that transfer funds. Some groups that originally engaged in violence but have since become legitimate political parties are included to provide historical perspective. TRAC is in no way attempting to determine whether groups or individuals are terrorists -- only to convey reported information about their activities and official State status. While TRAC attempts to ensure the accuracy of its TRAC database, the entries in the database are from numerous different sources. Hence, TRAC cannot and does not warrant the accuracy of the entries in its database. The editors of TRAC may modify these entries at any time and welcome comments and suggested corrections or additions.  Please write [email protected] or hit the "SUBMIT ADDITIONS" button on the page of the group profile about which you wish to comment.

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