The Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) is a splinter group of the Kurdistan Democratic Party. The PUK is a coalition of five separate factions and seeks to establish an independent Kurdish state. After the expulsion of Iraqi troops from Kuwait in March 1991, the PUK played a leading role in the unsuccessful uprising launched by the Kurdish factions in the north and the underground Shia groups in southern Iraq. The division of Kurdistan into PUK and Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) zones followed a bitter civil war, in which the KDP was supported for a time by the Iraqi central government. Since 1996, a PUK-led government has claimed jurisdiction over the whole of Iraqi Kurdistan. Although implicated in numerous kidnappings of foreign workers and diplomats in Iraq, the PUK has not been designated a terrorist organization by the U.S.VideoVideo: 2009 propaganda video titled "The Heroes of Patriotic Union of Kurdistan PUK "Yakêtî Nîshtimanî Kurdistan"
Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK)
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