In 2011 Soldiers of the Caliphate released a videotape in which its members threaten the government of Kazakhstan if it fails to retract a law banning women from wearing the veil. The group is comprised of Kazakhstani citizens who are based on the Afghan-Pakistani border. The group was officially banned in Kazakhstan in November 2011 after Jund al-Khilafah claimed responsibility for bombings in the western city of Atyrau and attacks against police in the southern city of Taraz. In 2008-2011 the nine group founders left Kazakhstan, mainly as mercenaries in the Afghan province of North Waziristan. In the summer of 2011, they united in an international terrorist organization called 'Jund al-Khilafah' ('Soldiers of the Caliphate'), and continued to lead the Atyrau terrorist groups.
Soldiers of the Caliphate -- Kazakhstan
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