New Profiles And Articles On TRAC

  • China hacked into the corporate networks of three top Israeli defense technology companies, including Elisra GroupIsrael Aerospace Industries, and Rafael Advanced Defense SystemsMost of the information was intellectual property pertaining to Arrow III missiles, Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), ballistic rockets, and other technical documents in the same fields of study.  Based on the infiltration Chinese hackers were looking for information related to Israel’s all-weather air defense system called Iron Dome.  Attacks bore all of the hallmarks of the “Comment Crew,” a prolific and state-sponsored hacking group associated with the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) and credited with stealing terabytes of data from defense contractors and U.S. corporations.

  • The Declaration of the Caliphate in Iraq by Islamic State (ISIS) in July 2014 raises growing concerns about jihadist expansion all over the world, but especially in North Africa where diverse jihadist groups and leaders are vying for dominance. In a region known for jihadist splinter groups, competing ethnic militias and lack of trust amongst these groups leaders, a Maghreb or Sahel Caliphate seems only possible if unity could be gained within a regional dynamic of jihadist diversity.

  • On June 29, 2014 the Islamic State announced a new Islamic Caliphate in the sacred land of ash Sham, which includes much of northern Iraq, and introduced a new chapter for the jihadist world. A chapter not written by established jihadist groups such as al-Qaeda and its affiliates, but by a new, younger generation with renewed energy and brutality. This contemporary generation's interests are not founded in religious debate on the legality of the Caliphate but what can be done to establish (Sunni) Muslim interests by proclaiming conquered territory a "Caliphate." These modern global jihadists are using social networks, tweets and Facebook postings to consolidate their support among younger Muslims, while the orthodox, old guard has been actively denouncing the validity of a Caliphate that does not conform to Muslim orthodoxy. TRAC is using this article to actively archive all the "for", "against" and "undecided" on IS's Caliphate.

Critical Developments

  • July 31, 2014
    The Daily Star Lebanon
    TRIPOLI: Booms of outgoing artillery shaking the ground, militia fighters from the remote Libyan mountain town of Zintan hunker down in the passenger terminal to defend Tripoli airport, the biggest prize in the capital.Across the city a few kilometers away, a commander of a brigade from the port...
    Submitted by Jasmine Opperman
  • July 31, 2014
    CTC Sentinel
    As the war in Syria continues, the Netherlands faces a number of challenges in monitoring Dutch foreign fighters. In a worrying note published in June 2014 by the Dutch General Intelligence and Security Service (AIVD), the agency claimed that budget cuts paired with “new dynamics” in the jihadist...
    Submitted by Norman Lihou
  • July 31, 2014
    MEMRI
    On July 10, 2014, MEMRI published a report titled "Foreign Terrorist Organization Hamas' Military Wing, Al-Qassam Brigades, Returns To Twitter After Account Shut Down In January." The report highlighted Al-Qassam Brigades tweets, such as speeches and communiqués by the Hamas political and military...
    Submitted by Norman Lihou