International civil aviation is one of the most regulated industries. Carriers face both international and domestic regulatory structures whose purpose is to improve safety and efficiency. States are concerned with civil aviation for four main reasons:
- National Security;
- Economic Issues;
- Safety; and
Photo: 1970, Jordan --- Huge columns of smoke pour from the wreckage of three multimillion dollar international airlines destroyed by Palestine Liberation Organization guerillas at Dawson's Field in the Jordan desert. The planes, a BOAC VC10, a Swissair passenger airplane and TWA Boeing 707 were hijacked by the PLO during the preceding week. More than 200 passengers and crew are still in Arab custody in Amman while negotiations go on to exchange them for Arabs held in western jails. http://www.flickr.com/photos/feda2y/3510829366/
Video: 2011 National Geographic DocumentaryS: aturday 12/24/1994 at about 11:00 Air-France Flight 8969 was hijacked by a team of four armed men, dressed as Algerian presidential police, and were actually members of the Algerian Armed Islamic Group - GIA, at Algiers Houari Boumediene international airport. The hijacking took place at the bloodiest stage of the civil war in Algeria. The Algerian military were suspicious when they noticed that the Air France 8969 had what appeared to be an unauthorized delay, so Algerian Special Forces, known as "Ninjas", began surrounding the aircraft. Abdul Abdullah Yahia, the ringleader, and the other three GIA hijackers demanded cooperation from the 220 passengers and 12 flight crew under the threat of assault rifles and hand grenades. They placed one pack of dynamite in the cockpit and one pack under a seat in the middle of the aircraft. The terrorists wore the uniforms of the cabin crew to confuse possible army snipers. Abderahmane Meziane-Cherif, the Algerian Interior Minister arrived to the scene at about 12:00 to supervise the situation and the negotiation. The hijackers, using the captain to speak for them, demanded the release of two FIS political party leaders, Abassi Madani and Ali Belhadj, who were in house arrest. FIS was banned in Algeria in 1992. Cherif demanded that the hijackers begin releasing children and elderly if they wanted to talk to the Algerian government. The media began arriving at the airport to cover the crisis.