For the last decade, world terrorism passed through a significant transformation. Any prediction fifteen years ago that terrorists could hijack passenger planes and use them as bombs to kill about 3,000 innocent people in New York, use deadly gas to poison over 5,000 people in a Tokyo subway; take 1,000 schoolchildren as hostages and cold-bloodily massacre over 300 of them in Beslan, as well as use of women and children as suicide-bombers would have been regarded as fiction. Terrorism has become a reality in many countries, and a great number of cities find themselves on the frontline of the new war. The devastating terror attacks on New York, Washington, Madrid, Istanbul, London, Bali, Amman,  and other places show that terrorism is presenting a serious if not deadly problem for the survival of many cities. Recent terrorist attacks on cities heralded an evolution of the nature of urban terrorism that detached acts of violence from the kind of political aims that governments find…

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About the Contributor

Anar Valiyev

Dr. Anar Valiyev is the Associate Dean of Academic Affairs. He received his bachelor in history from Baku State University (1999) and a master in history (2001) from the same university. From 2001...