For the last decade, world terrorism passed through a significant transformation. Any prediction fifteen years ago that terrorists could hijack passenger planes and use them as bombs to kill about 3,000 innocent people in New York, use deadly gas to poison over 5,000 people in a Tokyo subway; take 1,000 schoolchildren as hostages and cold-bloodily massacre over 300 of them in Beslan, as well as use of women and children as suicide-bombers would have been regarded as fiction. Terrorism has become a reality in many countries, and a great number of cities find themselves on the frontline of the new war. The devastating terror attacks on New York, Washington, Madrid, Istanbul, London, Bali, Amman, and other places show that terrorism is presenting a serious if not deadly problem for the survival of many cities. Recent terrorist attacks on cities heralded an evolution of the nature of urban terrorism that detached acts of violence from the kind of political aims that governments find…
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Table of Contents
- Introduction: Urban Terrorism as Phenomenon
- Analyses of Guerilla Warfare & Urban Terrorism and Table 1
- Countries, Terror Incidences, Injuries, Fatalities and Table 2
- TABLE 3: Number of International Terror Incidents, Fatalities and Injuries in 30 Countries for 1968-2005
- Urban Terror Casualties vs. Urban Terror Incidents in 30 Countries
- Why Cities?
- Demographic variables Density/Population
- Economic Significance
- Terror Incidences, Injuries, Fatalities in Cities and Their Shares in National Economies (1998-2005)
- Capital Status of the City
- Presence of soft/vulnerable targets
- Attacks on Embassies and NGOs
- Attacks on Tourists and Private Citizens
- Failed States Index Indicators
- Political Regime in Country/City
- Freedom House Index and Terrorist Incidents, Injuries and fatalities