Kurdistan Freedom Hawks (TAK)

The Kurdistan Freedom Hawks (Teyrebazen Azadiya Kurdistan or TAK) objective is to oppose Turkey’s repression of the Kurdish minority. “The military bureaucracy, economy and tourism are our top priority targets, while terror of state is not stopped [sic].” carried out its first attacks in 2004. The early bombings were largely small and non-lethal, but from 2005 onwards TAK launched more deadly attacks. In July that year it bombed a minibus in the western Turkish holiday resort of Kusadasi, killing at least five people including a British woman and an Irish woman. It is unclear if TAK is an armed wing of the KGK / PKK or if it is a splinter group led by commanders who have split from the KGK/PKK because of dissatisfaction with its tactics.IdeologyTAK was reportedly founded within the the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) and refers to Abdullah Ocalan, the imprisoned head of the PKK, as its leader. TAK split from the PKK follows criticism against the PKK's “passive struggle…

Kurdistan Freedom Hawks (TAK), also known as Kurdish Vengeance Brigade, Kurdistan Freedom Falcons, Kurdistan Freedom Falcons Organization, TAK, Teyrbazen Azadiya Kurdistan, Kurdistan Liberation Hawks is an active group formed c. 2004.
YOU MUST HAVE A SUBSCRIPTION TO ACCESS THE REST OF THIS CONTENT.
You are currently only seeing 1% of the 10,000-plus pieces of expert insights and analyses available with a TRAC subscription.
Single Users
Personal

As a courtesy to private researchers, TRAC offers a discounted rate to individuals who are subscribing from a personal email address and paying with a personal credit/debit card.

$500
Buy
Organizational

The annual subscription rate for full access to TRAC is $750 for a single user within an organization.

$750
Buy
Multiple Users
Prorated

Multiple users within govermental/military, corporate, and media, as well as colleges and universities, receive pro-rated subscription discounts based on the number of users. TRAC fully supports academic institutions and provides subscriptions on a reduced rate based on FTE. For multiple users rates contact TRAC.

Contact
Not quite ready?
TRAC is a subscription-based service. You can try TRAC for 7 days with this trial. If you choose to subscribe at the end of the trial, the trial cost will be deducted from the price of your subscription.
GET TRAC
TRAC is a unique, comprehensive resource for the study of political violence of all kinds.
Already a member? Login here.